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How are street gangs different from other criminal groups, such as organized crime groups, motorcycle gangs, ideology groups, and prison gangs? Some notable examples include the organized, collective drug trade, strong ties, and covert behavior among prison gangs, compared with less structured, more individualistic drug trade, highly fluctuating ties, and overt behavior among street gangs.
Is the gang problem changing? It is well-known and inarguable that the gang problem has changed, as well as become more entrenched, over the past 25 years.
Media reporting has a natural tendency to cover areas experiencing escalations in gang violence, sometimes directly or inadvertently creating the illusion that the upsurge is widespread and perpetual. A sudden increase in gang activity—in particular, violent gang activity—in a geographic area e.
At the most basic level, gang activity is localized in nature and tends to follow a cyclical pattern with upswings followed by downturns. Gang violence is best regarded as a cycle that stems from the ever-changing and volatile nature of conflict, rivalry, and competition among local gangs. The localized nature of these types of cyclical patterns represents the primary explanation for gang crime and violence across the United States.
At any given point in time, every gang-problem city and gang-problem neighborhood within larger cities is at its own point in the cycle of gang violence. On a national scale, the gang problem has changed over the decades, as evidenced by the growing number of gangs and gang members, the availability and use of firearms, and the emergence of a persistent, long-standing gang presence despite constant turnover in membership in major cities across the United States.
These trends represent reliable findings, which can be used to characterize the gang problem as a whole. More recently, discovered involvement of one or a few gangs in criminal offenses that have been considered atypical of street gang criminal behavior is getting national attention.
Recent examples include white-collar crimes, human trafficking, prostitution rings, infiltration of governmental and criminal justice agencies, usage of social networking sites and other Internet sites to coordinate criminal activity, and affiliation with domestic extremist groups.
While it is important to recognize the emerging and evolving criminal activities of gangs, it is critical not to overgeneralize these as trends that are representative of most gangs in the United States. Without reliable and methodologically sound empirical evidence collected over time, it is careless to assume that the discovered involvement of one or a few gangs in a criminal activity is an emerging trend that applies to all gangs.
How extensive is the current gang problem? In order to properly assess changes in the national gang problem over time, reliable indicators of the gang problem must be collected from a large and representative sample of law enforcement agencies across the United States.
Between andthe National Youth Gang Survey NYGS provided the only national data source for assessing long-term and annual changes in the gang problem across the following areas: In terms of the prevalence measures, the latest estimate from the NYGS finds that gangs are present in approximately 30 percent of the jurisdictions across the United States.
This figure represents a sizeable drop from the mids, when 40 percent of jurisdictions reported a gang presence. Following a steady decline throughout the late s, the gang prevalence measure reached its lowest point insteadily increased in subsequent years, and has remained relatively stable in recent years.
The least amount of change occurred in the largest cities and suburban counties, where gang activity remains most prevalent, while the greatest amount of change has occurred in rural counties and smaller cities—especially the latter, where the gang prevalence rate fell nearly 10 percentage points from to The frequency of this transitory pattern suggests that the emergence of gang activity does not necessarily indicate a protracted presence over time.
While prevalence measures provide a straightforward and simplified assessment of the gang problem, a better measure pertains to the size, or magnitude, of the gang problem in terms of the number of gangs and gang members, as well as the number of gang crimes discussed separately below.
From the latest NYGS estimate provided by law enforcement agencies, there are approximately 30, gangs andgang members across the United States. Compared with the previous five-year average, the estimated number of gangs has increased 8 percent and the estimated number of gang members 11 percent.Youth centers provide children with after-school programs in order to keep them busy and off the streets.
Because they are nonprofits, youth centers are funded in large part by grants. It's important to know how to write a grant proposal and to find the best grants for your youth center.
Before you write a business plan, check out some sample business plans for fitness centers, corporate fitness, gyms, health clubs, golf courses, driving ranges, . Small Business Development Centers (SBDCS) and many local, regional, and state economic and business development professionals are ready to assist you in your efforts to start and operate a business enterprise.
|Marketing General Incorporated - We Grow Membership||It's estimated the funded projects will engage more than 8, youth in about 2, hours of arts training throughout the city.|
|The Youth Effect: Ronald L. Brown, MD, Melissa Block, NA: timberdesignmag.com: Books||Fourteen organizations from across the state received grants for projects in line with the mission of the Red Ants Pants Foundation. Grant funding from the Red Ants Pants Foundation will help with the production of a video for elementary students about the production of beef in Montana.|
|Montana Business||Protect your community by starting a security business using a security guard business plan similar to this one to compile your own.|
|Get Started with MGI||Overland Park, KS http:|
|1 Business Objectives||Typical Youth Center support spaces include the following:|
The Permit Center coordinates the review of various permits, including, building, mechanical, plumbing/gas piping, electrical and public works permits. At the Permit Center, you will find staff available from the Building Division, Planning Division and Public Works Department to assist you with your development proposal and questions that you may have.
Peer Resources' Mentor Program Listings: Peer Resources' comprehensive listing of sample mentor programs in businesses, schools, universities and communities.
Professional Services Photography Studio Sample Business Plan. Starting up your photography studio will need a proper business plan and this sample will provide the guidelines.