Contact Author Summary There are three primary forms of e-commerce.
Requests and Offers probably belong at this level. Agreement Classes will include genre-specific forms. The Party-ID, Role and Share identify the party, his role in the agreement not his commercial role in the market and his share in benefits arising from this agreement.
The Creation Type s identifies the primary type s of creation covered by this agreement.
The Right s are those assigned or offered or requested, and values will vary according to Creation Type and Place. Entitlements determine the specific limited actions and uses with the given right s permitted by the agreement.
Where the agreement involves consumer end-users, the range of Entitlements will be extensive, and will adapt or combine with other creations including all variants of the entitlement to use. Many of these entitlements will have attached price values or zero values.
Place will normally refer to ISO Territories or their composites, although end-user entitlements may operate at a lower level of granularity of place. Start and End Times identify the term of the agreement. Agreement links to Creations An agreement is ineffective unless associated with one or more specific creations.
This may, in turn, be mediated by links to other agreements; to class, extent or event attributes of the creations e. Common agreements where creation attributes are relied upon include those which govern a creator's output for a specific period such as an exclusive songwriter or author's agreement ; when the creation Event Type becomes operable in rights metadata to determine whether a specific creation is covered; where term of copyright is concerned then either the Creation Event Type for example, under current US Law or the Party Event Type date of death under the Berne Convention will be operable; and where quantity of content used impacts on price, the Creation Extent attribute will be operable in Rights metadata.
This high-level review of Agreements has shown that all four Creation attribute groups and all four Creation link types may be relied upon at some point or other for electronic Rights management.
The structuring and definition of the final Entitlements "business rules" within the agreement chain is the ultimate requirement: Its successful integration with the Agreement and Descriptive metadata infrastructure described above becomes DOI's holy grail. The Agreement incorporates two Dublin Core elements: Publisher and partly Rights.
The dependence of Descriptive metadata on Rights metadata We have seen how in e-commerce, rights metadata is dependent on descriptive metadata. Finally, we can see how the reverse is true.
Many agreements allow a user to modify an acquired creation for example, by abridgement, expansion, substitution of new text, incorporation, or other customisation and then making that material available to others.
A new version has therefore been created which requires its own descriptive metadata to be generated, including the generation of new version, component, reference, and contributor links, to support the continuing commerce chain.
How will this be done? In an automated, protected environment, this requires that the rights transaction is able to generate automatically a new descriptive metadata set through the interaction of the agreement terms with the original creation metadata.
This can only happen and it will be required on a massive scale if rights and descriptive metadata terminology is integrated and standardised. Conclusions The implications of the three propositions and the framework above are clearly not trivial, and they are considered below in three sections:The six primary e-commerce types are as follows: Business-to-Business (B2B): Both participants are businesses, and the volume and value of B2B e-commerce can be huge as a result.
An example would be a manufacturer of gadgets that sources components online to manufacturers that use them to create their own products. There are primarily five types of e-commerce models Business to Consumer (B2C) B2C stands for Business to Consumer as the name suggests, it is the model taking businesses and consumers timberdesignmag.com business sells to individuals.
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Three essential propositions. This paper examines three propositions which support the need for radical integration of metadata and rights management concerns for disparate and heterogeneous materials, and sets out a possible framework for an integrated approach. E-commerce is the activity of buying or selling of products on online services or over the timberdesignmag.comonic commerce draws on technologies such as mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, Internet marketing, online transaction processing, electronic data interchange (EDI), inventory management systems, and automated data collection systems.
The other type of Ecommerce that is used today is called International Electronic Commerce. Internatioal Electronic Commerce is when people from other parts of the world such as Africa, Asia, Europe, and China can buy and sell products online.