Ahimsaa philosophy of nonviolence, is an important aspect of native Indian faiths whose most well known proponent was Mahatma Gandhi who through civil disobedience brought India together against the British Raj and this philosophy further inspired Martin Luther King, Jr.
Four notifications, two dated Both the Regulations came into force simultaneously on their publication in the Official Gazette.
The third and fourth Notifications both bearing No. The four aforesaid Notifications have been challenged on several grounds.
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The major areas of challenge to the aforesaid Notifications are: The powers of the Medical Council of India and the Dental Council of India to regulate the process of admissions into medical colleges and institutions run by the State Governments, private individuals aided and unaidededucational institutions run by religious and linguistic minorities, in the guise of laying down minimum standards of medical education, as provided for in Section 19A of the Indian Medical Council Act,and under Entry 66 of List I of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution.
Whether the introduction of one National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test NEET offends the fundamental right guaranteed to any citizen under Article 19 1 g of the Constitution to practise any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business?
Whether NEET violates the rights of religious and linguistic minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice, as guaranteed under Article 30 of the Constitution?
Whether subordinate legislation, such as the right to frame Regulations, flowing from a power given under a statute, can have an overriding effect over the fundamental rights guaranteed under Articles 25, 26, 29 1 and 30 of the Constitution?
Whether the exclusion of Entry 11 from the State List and the introduction of Entry 25 in the Concurrent List by the Constitution Forty Second Amendment Act,makes any difference as far as the Regulations framed by the Medical Council of India under Section 33 of the Act and those framed by the Dental Council of India under Section 20 of the Dentists Act,are concerned, and whether such Regulations would have primacy over State legislation on the same subject?
Whether the aforesaid questions have been adequately answered in T. Union of India [ 7 SCC ]? In order to appreciate the challenge thrown to the fournotifications, it is necessary to understand the functions and duties of the Medical Council of India under the Indian Medical Council Act, ,and the Dental Council of India constituted under the Dentists Act, The Indian Medical Council Act,was replaced by the Indian Medical Council Act,hereinafter referred to as "the Act", interalia, with the following objects in mind: To provide for the maintenance of an all-India register by the Medical Council of India, which will contain the names of all the medical practitioners possessing recognized medical qualifications.
Section 6 of the aforesaid Act provides for the incorporation of the Council as a body corporate by the name of Medical Council of India, having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power to acquire and hold property, both movable and immovable, and to contract, and to sue and be sued by the said name.
The powers vested in the MCI are essentially recommendatory in nature. Section 10A, which was introduced in the Act by Amending Act31 ofwith effect from 27th August,inter alia, provides that notwithstanding anything contained in the Act or any other law for the time being in force: Under Section 10A the function of the MCI is purely recommendatory for the purpose of grant of permission by the Central Government to establish a new medical college or to introduce a new course of study.
Section 19A which was introduced into the Act by Act 24 of with effect from 16th June,provides for the Council to prescribe "minimum standards of medical education". Since Section 19A will have some bearing on the judgment itself, the same is extracted herein below in full: Minimum standards of medical education - 1 The Council may prescribe the minimum standards of medical education required for granting recognised medical qualifications other than postgraduate medical qualifications by universities or medical institutions in India.
For the sake of reference, the relevant portions of Section20 of the Act with which we are concerned, are also extracted herein below: Post-graduate Medical Education Committee for assisting Council in matters relating to post-graduate medical education - 1 The Council may prescribe standards of Postgraduate Medical Education for the guidance of Universities, and may advise Universities in the matter of securing uniform standards for Postgraduate Medical Education through out India, and for this purpose the Central Govt.
The most significant amendment, which is also the subject matter of challenge in some of these writ petitions and transferred cases, is clause5 in Chapter II of the Regulations.
The relevant paragraph in the Amendment Notification reads as follows: There shall be a single eligibility cum entrance examination namely 'National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission to MBBS course' in each academic year.
The overall superintendence, direction and control of National Eligibility- cum-Entrance Test shall vest with Medical Council of India.Campus Watch demands academic integrity in North American Middle East studies (MES) programs.
It reviews and critiques MES bias with the aim of improving education – keeping watch on scores of professors at hundreds of universities. Full text of the Supreme Court Judgment:Christian Medical College, Vellore Vs. Union of India. Hinduism vs Hindutva: The search for an ideology in times of cow politics Hinduism is often described as a ‘way of life’ for its range of doctrines and practices.
AHMEDABAD: The historic city Ahmedabad has been declared as a World Heritage City at the 41st session of Unesco's world heritage committee meet in Kar. England’s last bilateral series’ defeat came in India in January , with only a freak one-off loss to Scotland in the interim.
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