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A Criticism of Christianity?
Dante Alighieri wrote the story of a man, Dante, who is led by Virgil through the many levels of hell. He portrays hell through the eyes of a devoted Christian, or so we perceive it to be at first glance. Is he serious or is there an ironic tone to the meaning behind the text?
Only those who worshiped God are given the chance of going to heaven. Although, they were worthy and did not sin they still cannot rise above, which suggests that the only entrance to heaven is through complete devotion towards Christianity and God.
The aspect of having Limbo as a level in Hell demonstrates the importance of Christianity to Dante and his devoutness to the Christian faith and the beliefs associated with it. Dante is very critical of other faiths and does not fail to mention characters of opposing beliefs and their sins in his portrayal of Hell.
By putting these people in Hell, it is an obvious indication of disbelief towards non-Christian beliefs. This is a common theme, as is also shown in the eighth circle of Hell, Malebolge, where Dante placed the diviners, astrologers, and magicians. Their punishment is to walk around backwards with their heads turned around.
He has placed them in the circle of fraud, which goes to show that he believes them to be fraudulent because only God is all-knowing. They act contrary to Christian beliefs, are a threat and therefore sentenced to hell. Throughout the journey, Dante inspects all the circles of hell, and in them all the sins committed that landed the souls there.
He shows the specific examples of well known figures that are suffering in hell, to show the errors of their ways.
By showing all the acts that should be avoided through mainly commonly known characters and the dire consequences that accompany them, he is also strengthening the idea of Heaven, and the important role Christianity and God need to have on a person.
On the other hand, by showing obvious devotedness towards god and Christianity, he is actually presenting a criticism of the Christian faith. By having all the different levels of hell, he is being too extreme with the punishments to the point of absurdity which makes the book an obvious criticism of the Christian faith.
The Limbo, according to Dante presents irrationality in the Christian faith. He is criticizing the fact that only Christians are allowed in Heaven. Although the people were good, they are not allowed to go to heaven because they were not baptized. He is criticizing the fact that the only way to lead a morally righteous life is through Christianity.
Through this he is showing obvious displeasure and disagreement with these set rules of Christianity. There are a few shades who do not feel regret for the sins they committed.
This is more noticeable especially as Dante moves lower down in the circles of Hell. The man in the eighth circle was a barrater, or a tricky person who used cunning and tricks to manipulate instances and others to do as he wished. Dante witnesses the man deceive the demons, similarly through cunning and deceiving words into letting him go back into the pits of boiling substance.
He is still committing the same sin that put him in Hell; therefore the punishment is not working to make him repent his sin. There is no regret or change demonstrated, only pain from the punishment on behalf of the shades in Hell.
Dante shows us a Hell in which thieves are far below the murderers. Not only is murder less serious than thievery, but a person who made fake coins is considered to be a far more serious sin, than killing another human being or being a thief.
It is difficult to wrap the mind around the odd manner in which the sins in Hell are placed. Dante is demonstrating his disbelief in Christianity by giving us illogical levels of Hell, in which some obviously less serious sins are further down than less malicious sins.
Not only is the placement of the levels in Hell absurd, but the punishments associated with them are absurd, in that they are a magnification of the original sin. Because they split up people, they are eternally going to continue being split.
All of these are instances in which Dante has chosen to punish the shades similarly to sin.Dante Alighieri wrote the story of a man, Dante, who is led by Virgil through the many levels of hell.
Dante’s hell is composed of various rings each with a specific sin and punishment associated to it. Throughout his voyage through Hell, we see Dante’s view on religion, Christianity in particular. The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri is a long allegorical poem in three parts (or canticas): the Inferno (), Purgatorio (), and Paradiso (), and cantos, with the Inferno having 34, Purgatorio having 33, and Paradiso having 33 timberdesignmag.com at Easter , the poem describes the living poet's journey through hell, purgatory, and paradise..
Throughout the poem, Dante refers to people and. Its author, Dante Alighieri, was born in Florence around ; in today’s terms we might characterize him as a writer, theologian and activist.
An imaginative portrait of the suprahuman world, drawn from a bewildering array of texts, the Comedy was also written as an allegory of Dante’s times. The Count of Monte Cristo - The Count of Monte Cristo The Count of Monte Cristo is an interesting tale about a sailor named Dantes who changes his whole persona in order to get back at his enemies.
Read and learn for free about the following article: Dante’s Divine Comedy in Late Medieval and Early Renaissance art.
The "Inferno" is only the first part of Dante's Masterpiece "The Divine Comedy", and it is in this journey through Hell where Dante realizes the perfection of God's justice, he will later experience in Heaven Divine Grace from God himself.