Moral philosophy term paper

At the time of her birth her father was serving in the British Army. The family later returned to England where Allen Anscombe resumed his career as a schoolmaster. Anscombe attended the Sydenham School, graduating inand went on to St.

Moral philosophy term paper

All persons have the right to be equally free and independent, and to possess equally the full range of fundamental rights, which are those powers to act or be, which all persons can possess simultaneously without exercising compulsion upon another.

There are only four truly fundamental rights that pertain to individual or personal sovereignty: Each of these rights has certain conditions which limit their application in a way that does not trespass against others equally asserting the same rights.

There are also many corollary rights which are derived from these basic four. These have all been discussed in the previous section and detailed listing of fundamental rights.

Lets now take a brief look at the principle of sovereignty which will allow us to discuss individual, family, and national rights. When one is sovereign in a certain area, there is no higher authority. He or she has the right to make all judgment and carry them out.

In the context of liberty within a nation, we will be referring primarily to individual and family sovereignty relative to governments and other individuals or groups.

Associations, including governmental associations, are merely extensions of the sovereignty of the individuals composing such associations. The individual is sovereign meaning the possession of ultimate earthly authority over all his personal affairs which are not in direct and harmful conflict with the fundamental rights of others.

General Information

The family has certain sovereign powers distinct from the individual by virtue of the Moral philosophy term paper of dependent children who, having been brought into the family as a consequence of parental procreation, must be accorded special protection and training by those parents who engendered the child.

While parents have given up a portion of their individual sovereignty by engendering a new child, they must also be accorded a special form of sovereignty with ultimate earthly authority over those children, short of acting in a way which presents an imminent and pernicious threat to the life of the child.

The reason for this "balance" of authority and responsibility will be detailed later in the section on family sovereignty. Lastly, individuals may group together and form associations by initial unanimous consent which also may act in sovereign matters relative to other persons or groups.

A government is simply a large form of such an association of individuals, as will be explained later. The government association is never sovereign relative to its individual members who constitute the creators and controllers of their government associationbut is sovereign relative to other separate nations, or groups.

In deference to the voluntary covenant relationship which generally involves the sacred act engendering a child, governments should never be granted power to intercede in the affairs of parents and children as long as parents are not proven guilty of gross cruelty or extreme negligence which threatens the life of the child, as clearly defined in constitutionally restricted law, and in no case against the will of the child, when that child is of sufficient age to express that will and understand the alternatives.

In order to preserve family sovereignty from the slow, steady encroachment of government, parents must have full discretion over the care of children unless they reach a point which we may easily describe as imminently and perniciously threatening to the life of the child e. While children have many times had to suffer from the poor decisions of parents, that seems to be one of the necessary prices to pay for freedom.

To allow the government to scrutinize the decisions of parents at any lower level than imminent not the mere possibility of threat to life, is to allow the government total ultimate authority over instruction, safety, discipline, nutrition and medical care.

In short, all children become "wards of the state" which, besides being impractical, is a violation of the fundamental rights of parents.

The specter of uniform state guidance in the care and upbringing of all children only guarantees an intellectually sterile generation, devoid of moral values. Agents of the government may be knowledgeable as to the things of the world, but they will lack the understanding and moral courage to defend freedom and personal moral and religious values of the individual family.

As a fundamental premise, the state can only legitimately interfere in family affairs in protection of the right to life. A child, as long as he remains in a dependent relationship, living off his parents, does not, and cannot claim his other rights.

To do so would make the parents or their property the slaves of the child.

Words to Avoid (or Use with Care) Because They Are Loaded or Confusing

Those rights are synonymous with being an independent person, qualified for citizenship. The child is free to declare his rights and become independent at any time he or she may be capable of meeting the qualifications of citizenship, but in doing so he can no longer claim his dependent relationship.

The implicit reasoning behind this is based upon the child's superior standing as to the covenant nature of the family. The parents engendered an automatic obligation, which they cannot break without harming the child.

The child is the only one that can dissolve the bond since he had no choice in the act which brought him into the covenant relationship, and does no damage to the parents by dissolving their obligation to care for him. This concept does not attempt to make light of the emotional pain such separations may cause, only to indicate that disappointment and emotional pain usually cannot and should not be construed as adjudicable damage.

This aspect is worrisome to some families who have become accustomed to using the power of the state to compel a child to stay at home until reaching the legal age of maturity.

Upon close examination, it is clear that the setting of an age for "maturity" or independence is quite arbitrary. There is no basis for it in principle.

Moral philosophy term paper

I believe I can demonstrate, to those who are worried about children being enticed away into evil paths through the exercise of independence, that such true freedom is less likely to induce a child to leave and is more beneficial to family relations in the long term, but only if we possess a complete structure of covenant government as explain in this work.

First, it must be remembered that, under these principles, there would be no permissive government welfare or social structure available to induce children to leave home and find a "free life.Caird, Edward (). Scottish Hegelian philosopher. Caird was one of the first generation of 'British idealists,' whose philosophical work was largely in reaction to the then-dominant empiricist and associationist views of Alexander Bain () and J.S.

timberdesignmag.com known for his studies of Kant — A Critical Account of the Philosophy of Kant () and The Critical Philosophy .

Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Caird, Edward (). Scottish Hegelian philosopher. Caird was one of the first generation of 'British idealists,' whose philosophical work was largely in reaction to the then-dominant empiricist and associationist views of Alexander Bain () and J.S.

timberdesignmag.com known for his studies of Kant — A Critical Account of the Philosophy of Kant () and The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel.

Words to Avoid (or Use with Care) Because They Are Loaded or Confusing. There are a number of words and phrases that we recommend avoiding, or avoiding in certain contexts and usages. The Responsible Self: An Essay in Christian Moral Philosophy (Library of Theological Ethics) [H.

Richard Niebuhr] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Responsible Self was H. Richard Niebuhr's most important work in Christian ethics.

In it he probes the most fundamental character of the moral life and it stands today as a . The Responsible Self: An Essay in Christian Moral Philosophy (Library of Theological Ethics) [H.

Richard Niebuhr] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Responsible Self was H. Richard Niebuhr's most important work in Christian ethics. In it he probes the most fundamental character of the moral life and it stands today as a landmark contribution to the field.

Metaphor, Morality, and Politics

Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology.. Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by .

Ethics - Wikipedia