Re-Examining Juvenile Incarceration Overview A growing body of research demonstrates that for many juvenile offenders, lengthy out-of-home placements in secure corrections or other residential facilities fail to produce better outcomes than alternative sanctions. In certain instances, they can be counterproductive.
Trouble sometimes begins with birth into environments of physical, sexual, or substance abuse, criminal activity, divorce, head injuries, poverty and ignorance.
But none of those precursors causes crime. Most people with those disadvantages do not become criminals.
Criminals also come from the better side of the tracks. In his book Inside the Criminal Mind, Dr. Samenow, a clinical psychologist, powerfully demolishes much of the conventional wisdom portraying criminals as victims of their parents, poverty, mental illnesses and life circumstances.
Samenow found that criminals are defined by how they think; and they definitely think differently than law-abiding people. Most criminals are manipulative, use people as they please, fancy themselves in control, con others successfully, posture as tough guys and do not like to work hard at school or regular jobs.
They thrive on intimidation and stealth. Crooks dish it out, but cannot take criticism. A minority pity their victims. Most have little remorse until caught.
Crime progresses when these profoundly selfish young people bully others, get high, sell drugs, steal, gamble, rob stores, join gangs, rape and participate in violence, thrill seeking, intimidation and depravity. Drugs, intoxicants, theft, gangs, sex, violence or some combination of them help create new age slaves.
People decide to disobey the law for their own self-centered reasons. Prisons are supposed to act as a deterrent to criminal activity.
Being unpleasant, potential offenders should be so afraid of going to prison that they do not commit crimes.
The criminal mind works differently, with less foresight and conscience. Criminals enjoy the excitement and risks, do not anticipate capture, and instead focus on what they want.
By one computation, only 1. A low risk of punishment increases crime. Successful burglars celebrate their accomplishments. Good deterrents are certain, severe and swift. Prison is not certain, probation or youthful offender status often being granted or crimes are not even prosecuted.
Prison is not always perceived as severe. Many never see a prison until they arrive. Inmates often sleep or just sit in their cells. When Mike Tyson first went to juvenile detention, it was like a reunion for him, because so many of his friends and acquaintances were already there - of course he was one of the few who did not worry about being attacked.
Confinement is definitely not swift, either in the judicial process or in the sentence itself. Prisons are usually very bad places to be, but the prospect of going there fails to deter massive numbers of crimes and criminals.juvenile incarceration costly and ineffective, study says August 16, / 0 Comments / in Criminal Law / by Holly Fervent debates continue over how states should rehabilitate juveniles convicted of crimes.
The United States incarcerates more of its youth than any other country in the world through the juvenile courts and the adult criminal justice system, which reflects the larger trends in incarceration practices in the United timberdesignmag.com , approximately 70, juveniles were incarcerated in youth detention facilities alone.
Approximately , youth are brought to detention centers in a. According to the American Correctional Association, the average daily cost nationwide to incarcerate one juvenile offender in was $ That translates to an average cost of $66,$88, for months many times the cost of tuition and fees at a public four-year university or a two-year community or technical college.
Juvenile offenders may find it more difficult to adapt to life inside an adult prison, which may explain the negative effects of incarceration on juvenile mental health found by Ng et al. (). 3 in 4 voters believe that juvenile offenders should receive treatment, counseling, and supervision to help them avoid reoffending, even if it means that they spend no time in a correctional facility.
Several other states, including Ohio and Virginia, took steps to remove misdemeanor offenders from state commitment in the s and s.
They hold that the juvenile justice system is unjust, ineffective, and counter-productive in terms of fulfilling the promise of the prison system, namely the protection of the public from violent offenders.
Criticisms of racism. Critics of the juvenile justice system believe that the system is unfairly stacked against minority youth. Minority youth are .