Fashion globalization

By studying the history and current trends in the fashion business, we not only address a fascinating and exciting field, but we can gain a better understanding of the complicated linkages that connect cultures and people in the modern world.

Fashion globalization

Shopping and the Fashion Industry Since retailers can lower their prices to consumers by lowering their labor costs, consumers have unwittingly participated in intensifying a system of competition among manufacturers that drives wages and working conditions downward.

According to the World Bank, one of the most powerful institutions of globalization, "the competitive intensity of the U.

As a consequence, it says, "new emerging retail strategies" include "the drive to offer more value-oriented, low-priced Fashion globalization to their customers, utilizing a global sourcing network that increasingly favors low wage, quota free countries," and the "liberalization of labor regulations" Biggs, p.

This "liberalization" means relaxing worker protections for health and safety, lowering and also enforcing Fashion globalization stringently the minimum wage, and prohibiting workers from organizing for better wages and working conditions.

To meet a contract for T-shirts from the Disney Corporation, it had to reduce its profit margin and keep accelerating its production schedule in a downward spiral to closure.

One effect of globalization is increased immigration from third-world countries to all the countries of the world. Immigrants to the United States provide a labor pool for local versions of third-world sweatshops.

InSouthern California came to lead the nation in garment production. Often workers were not paid at all. Responses to the Global Assembly Line Protesting of Gap's use of sweatshops in UntilCEOs of the giant retailers, such as Philip Knight of Nike, claimed that they had no responsibility for the working conditions in the sweatshops because the owners were independent contractors.

But by this time consumer groups, religious groups, and student groups, including the National Labor Committee in New York, Global Exchange in San Francisco, the Los Angeles Jewish Commission on Sweatshops, the national organizations of United Students Against Sweatshops and Sweatshop Watch, as well as garment workers' unions like Unite, began campaigning for reforms.

By bringing publicity to the practices of the giant retailers, these groups persuaded corporations to pledge themselves to accept fair labor standards and to have independent monitors in the factories that supply their fashions.

These groups have also promoted legislation in California and New York that aims to hold the retailers responsible for the wages and working conditions of the workers who produce the products they sell.

Informal Global Networks While the global assembly line and mass consumption form the dominant circuits of globalized fashion, other, less visible circuits span the globe. These shadow networks concern fashion production and consumption in third-world countries. The global economy of high-tech, large-scale networks also works by exclusion.

In third-world countries, globalization has resulted in the destabilizing and dismantling of official economies, massive unemployment, and the rise of informal or underground economies.

As part of the restructuring and deregulation of global capital, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund have imposed on debtor nations in the third world Structural Adjustment Programs.

These programs dismantled state economic controls on basic necessities and social programs for health, education, housing, and sanitation, in favor of free-market strategies, austerity programs, and privatization of basic utilities like electricity and water.

These measures have resulted in a disintegration of formal institutions of the government and economy. Out of desperation, people have devised means of surviving in informal economic networks.

In Africa and Latin America, this has had two effects on fashion. One is that the numbers of artisanal producers, especially tailors, dyers, weavers, and jewelry makers, have increased dramatically. In an alternative global network, suitcase vendors sell to tourists, or they travel to diasporic communities in Europe and the United States, where they sell their fashions in people's homes, at ethnic festivals, or on the street.

They also sell in the boutiques and on the Web sites of nonprofit organizations dedicated to helping third-word artisans. A second effect concerns global networks of usedclothing dealers and consumers.

Large wholesalers buy masses of used clothing from charity thrift shops such as Goodwill in the United States, Canada, and Europe. In giant warehouses, dealers sort the clothes, bail them, and send them by container to smaller wholesalers in countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

Small retailers then sell the clothes for affordable prices at open-air stalls in cities and tiny rural towns.

Fashion globalization

Jeans, T-shirts, and athletic shoes thus become the most visible symbol of globalization in virtually every corner of the world. See also Sweatshops ; Textiles and International Trade. Field Guide to the Global Economy.

New Press and the Institute for Policy Studies, Biggs, Tyler, Gail R.But much less visible is the effect of globalization on the production of fashion.

The pursuit of fashion connects people on a global scale to a network of designers and manufacturers. Away from the catwalk, globalisation takes us into an unglamorous world that challenges us to consider the issues surrounding ethical consumption. ct Analyse the effect of ‘Globalization’ on fashion with special reference to the impact of Japanese designs on the European scene. The definition of globalisation is quite complex and extremely controversial. Fashion became opened world, and because of cultural globalization, anyone can now become a reference of trends and influence and inspire the creations of the designers. But to adapt to this constant flow of trends, and the competitiveness of the participants of global market, the industry has relocated their production to developing countries.

As fashion images in magazines, music videos, films, the Internet and television speed their way around the world, they create a "global style" (Kaiser ) across borders and cultures. Globalization of the footwear, textiles and clothing industries.

Report for discussion at the Tripartite Meeting on the Globalization of the Footwear, Textiles and Clothing Industries: Effects on Employment and Working Conditions. photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Globalization and its impact on the fashion industry What is fashion?

Accessibility of latest fashion trends (more readily available). Globalization affects fashion industry through the production, distribution and marketing channels. One main impact of globalization is to keep the people informed and updated on each and every new trend in the fashion industry through old and new media like radio, television, newspapers, internet, mobile phones etc.

For centuries, textiles and clothing styles have been one of the most obvious and poignant indicators of cross-cultural interchange. With the rapid rise of globalization over the past several decades, the spread of fashion across global cultures has mirrored the changes in economy, culture, and.

For centuries, textiles and clothing styles have been one of the most obvious and poignant indicators of cross-cultural interchange. With the rapid rise of globalization over the past several decades, the spread of fashion across global cultures has mirrored the changes in economy, culture, and.

Fashion and Globalization | Globalization