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Female Infanticide and Fetal Murder Female infanticide is the intentional killing of an Brazil female infanticide, and female feticide or fetal murder is the intentional destruction of a fetus for the sole reason that it is female.
Historically, female infanticide has occurred on a global scale. Various studies have reported Brazil female infanticide practice among Arabian tribes, among the Yanomani in Brazil, and in ancient Rome.
In nineteenth-century India it was common practice to bury a female child alive by placing her in an earthen pitcher, with cane sugar in her mouth and cotton in her hands. There were many other methods used to kill a female baby: These methods continue to be used.
In the twenty-first century such practices remain predominant in many Asian and Middle Eastern countries, in sub-Saharan Africa, and within the Asian diaspora in Great Britainthe United Statesand Canada.
In China its origins may be traced back to the first millennium. Incidence of Practice Female infanticide and feticide are extreme forms of gender discrimination that occur systematically and threaten to eliminate females in the communities where they are practiced.
There are unfortunately no specific or reliable data available on female infanticide or feticide. In general, the sex ratio imbalance worldwide, with a decreasing number of females for every 1, males, may be regarded as an indicator of the prevalence and increase of female infanticide and feticide.
The missing status of innumerable women more than million women are reported to be missing worldwide points toward female feticide, infanticide, and other forms of gender discrimination as resulting in the high mortality of females at most stages of life.
On average women exist for every men, but that number is lower in certain countries: Feticide Female feticide is a recent phenomenon made possible by advances in genetic and information technology. Technology without regulation gives society unlimited access to intrauterine life.
Three principal methods have been used for the intrauterine sex determination of the fetus—amniocentesis, chorionic villus samplingand ultrasound scanning. Ultrasound scanning has become the most common method of fetal sex determination because it is quicker, cheaper, easily available, and noninvasive.
It results in no recognized side effects or complications for the fetus or mother. It is often misused in countries with a sociocultural preference for male children. Feticide is fast becoming a socially acceptable means of dispensing with a female child. A significant change in social attitudes developed in the s and s, with determination tests frequently occurring and subsequent abortions in the case of many female fetuses.
The request process for these services is more open, with a decreasing sense of moral crisis attached to it. The arguments for seeking testing and female feticide became a matter of choice rather than of circumstantial compulsion.
Ironically, more widespread approval of female feticide now exists in many societies due to the acceptance of monetary arguments, the easy availability and willingness of service providers, the pressures most normally small families face, changing standards and ethics, easier methods of abortion, and the relatively simple killing and disposal of the fetus.
At the start of the twenty-first century many remote areas could claim mobile ultrasound clinics consisting of portable ultrasound machines installed in a van that visited periodically to offer their services.
Quacks and untrained midwives perform the often subsequent abortions in most of these rural areas and within low socioeconomic groups, with enormous health hazards to the mothers. India, South KoreaChina, and most European countries have laws banning fetal sex determination.
In most Asian countries, however, such laws are flagrantly ignored, and they have become an instrument of corruption, thereby increasing the costs of safe services. Explanations for Gender Preference Traditionally, the major causes of discrimination against the female child have been the son preference rooted in a patriarchal society and the prevalence of dowry.
Their lack of education, low financial productivity, and negligible presence in high-profile professions and positions have only added to the devaluation of females.
There has been significant improvement in most of these factors except dowry.
The escalating pace of globalization in developing countries has coincided with the increase in female feticide and suggests a link that merits critical examination. In addition to the small family norm, the growing cost of raising a child has contributed to the increased intolerance of female children.
Starting from birth, the costs of child rearing are affected by those associated with health care and education, marriage and dowry, and consumerism. When a society with a sociocultural preference for sons finds itself facing conditions that require limiting the family size for various reasons in the absence of preparatory and regulatory mechanisms and policies, then an increase in female infanticide and feticide may be predicted.
The female child is increasingly seen as a high input and no output investment, reducing the child to little more than a commodity in the eyes of society. In India the dowry is one of the major reasons why a female child is often unwanted.11 July – Releasing its report, “ Female Infanticide Worldwide”) the first ever global study on the issue, Asian Centre for Human Rights (ACHR) stated that female infanticide for son preference due to variety of reasons is a worldwide phenomenon with million female foetuses being aborted every year.
Facts and statistics about the Sex ratio of Brazil. Updated as of Infanticide (or infant homicide) is the intentional killing of infants..
Parental infanticide researchers have found that mothers are far more likely than fathers to be the perpetrators of neonaticide and slightly more likely to commit infanticide in general..
Anthropologist Laila Williamson notes that "Infanticide has been practiced on every continent and by people on every level of cultural.
Social Issues In India Social Issues In India. What Are The Current Social Issues In India? We have already written on the most common social issues in india and we keep adding more and more articles regarding the contemporary social issues in india and social problems faced by India.
The scientific study of death across animal taxa—comparative thanatology—investigates how animals respond behaviourally, physiologically and psychologically to dead conspecifics, and the processes behind such responses. Brazilian politicians are currently debating a Bill to outlaw infanticide. It is known as Muwaji's Law, named after a Suruwahá woman who refused to bury alive her own baby.