Jung's approach to psychology has been influential in the field of depth psychology and in countercultural movements across the globe. Jung is considered as the first modern psychologist to state that the human psyche is "by nature religious" and to explore it in depth.
Jung accepted the significant effect of the unconscious processes, but unlike Freud he preferred to emphasize that behaviour… Early life and career Jung was the son of a philologist and pastor. His childhood was lonely, although enriched by a vivid imagination, and from an early age he observed the behaviour of his parents and teachers, which he tried to resolve.
In many ways, the elder Jung was a kind and tolerant man, but neither he nor his son succeeded in understanding each other. Jung seemed destined to become a minister, for there were a number of clergymen on both sides of his family.
In his teens he discovered philosophy and read widely, and this, together with the disappointments of his boyhood, led him to forsake the strong family tradition and to study medicine and become a psychiatrist. He used the now famous term complex to describe such conditions.
He held important positions in the psychoanalytic movement and was widely thought of as the most likely successor to the founder of psychoanalysis. But this was not to be the outcome of their relationship. Partly for temperamental reasons and partly because of differences of viewpoint, the collaboration ended.
Although Jung had been elected president of the International Psychoanalytic Society inhe resigned from the society in Library of Congress, Washington, D.
LC-DIG-ppmsca His first achievement was to differentiate two classes of people according to attitude types: Later he differentiated four functions of the mind—thinking, feeling, sensation, and intuition—one or more of which predominate in any given person. Results of this study were embodied in Psychologische Typen ; Psychological Types, As a boy Jung had remarkably striking dreams and powerful fantasies that had developed with unusual intensity.
After his break with Freud, he deliberately allowed this aspect of himself to function again and gave the irrational side of his nature free expression. At the same time, he studied it scientifically by keeping detailed notes of his strange experiences.
He later developed the theory that these experiences came from an area of the mind that he called the collective unconsciouswhich he held was shared by everyone.
This much-contested conception was combined with a theory of archetypes that Jung held as fundamental to the study of the psychology of religion. Character of his psychotherapy Jung devoted the rest of his life to developing his ideas, especially those on the relation between psychology and religion.
Besides the development of new psychotherapeutic methods that derived from his own experience and the theories developed from them, Jung gave fresh importance to the so-called Hermetic tradition. He conceived that the Christian religion was part of a historic process necessary for the development of consciousnessand he also thought that the heretical movements, starting with Gnosticism and ending in alchemywere manifestations of unconscious archetypal elements not adequately expressed in the mainstream forms of Christianity.
He was particularly impressed with his finding that alchemical-like symbols could be found frequently in modern dreams and fantasies, and he thought that alchemists had constructed a kind of textbook of the collective unconscious.
He expounded on this in 4 out of the 18 volumes that make up his Collected Works. His historical studies aided him in pioneering the psychotherapy of the middle-aged and elderly, especially those who felt their lives had lost meaning.
He helped them to appreciate the place of their lives in the sequence of history. Most of these patients had lost their religious belief; Jung found that if they could discover their own myth as expressed in dream and imagination they would become more complete personalities. He called this process individuation.
His personal experience, his continued psychotherapeutic practice, and his wide knowledge of history placed him in a unique position to comment on current events. As early as he had begun to think that Germany held a special position in Europe; the Nazi revolution was, therefore, highly significant for him, and he delivered a number of hotly contested views that led to his being wrongly branded as a Nazi sympathizer.
Jung lived to the age of Untersuchungen zur Symbolgeschichte ; Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self.Carl Gustav Jung (–), founder of analytical psychology, was born the son of a clergyman in Kesswil (Thurgau canton, Switzerland) on Lake Constance. At the age of four he went to Basel, which he regarded as his hometown: his mother was born there, and he went to school and received his doctorate in medicine there.
Carl Gustav Jung () was a Swiss psychiatrist, an influential thinker and the founder of analytical psychology (also known as Jungian psychology).
Feb 15, · Carl Jung (Carl Gustav Jung; – ) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst and was one of the founders of analytical psychology, a theory of the human mind and therapeutic practice.
His work was universal, and for this reason, his work was used in psychiatry, anthropology, philosophy, art, literature, and religious timberdesignmag.coms: 7.
Carl Gustav Jung (German pronunciation: ; 26 July - 6 June ) was a Swiss psychiatrist, an influential thinker and the founder of analytical psychology (also known as Jungian psychology).Jung's approach to psychology has been influential in the field of depth psychology and in countercultural movements across the globe.
Carl Gustav Jung (26 July – 6 June ) was a Swiss psychiatrist, an influential thinker and the founder of analytical psychology (also known as Jungian psychology). Jung's approach to psychology has been influential in the field of depth psychology and in countercultural movements across the globe.
Carl Gustav Jung (–), founder of analytical psychology, was born the son of a clergyman in Kesswil (Thurgau canton, Switzerland) on Lake Constance. At the age of four he went to Basel, which he regarded as his hometown: his mother was born there, and he went to school and received his doctorate in medicine there.